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Air Pressure Equatorial Low Pressure Bel
Pressure Belts of the Earth - Physical Geography
2637    Dibyendu Banerjee & Sudipta Banerjee    29/03/2020

Pressure Belts of the Earth

There is a systematic pattern of alternate high and low pressure belts over the surface of the Earth. It is established that, there are altogether seven such Pressure Belts and certain natural factors are responsible for their creation. These seven identified Pressure Belts on the Earth’s surface are geographically named as, the Equatorial Low, the two Sub-Tropical highs, the two Sub-polar or Temperate lows and the two Polar highs. It is evident that, except the Equatorial low, the others form matching pairs in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.


As the shape of the Earth is spherical, all the parts of the Earth are not heated uniformly. The Equatorial region receives a great amount of heat throughout the year and as a result, the warm air at the Equator being light, rises up and creates a low pressure. On the other hand, at the poles the cold heavy air causes high pressure.

Apart from the shape of the earth, the rotation of the earth also plays an important role in it. The rotation of the earth pushes up the bulk of the air towards the Equator, creating a low pressure belt in the Sub- Polar Regions, situated around latitudes 60° to 65° North and South of the Equator and the cold heavy air causes high pressure.


In general, the distribution of pressure portrays a good indication of the Prevailing winds. However, these belts are not necessarily continuous, since the surface of the Earth consists of both land and sea and there is unequal distribution of the heat received from the rays of the Sun. Apart from that, as it is mentioned previously, the rotation of the Earth also has its effects on them.

pressure belts of the earth
Air Pressure Equatorial Low Pressure Bel
Author Details
Dibyendu Banerjee & Sudipta Banerjee
Article by Dibyendu Banerjee, an Ex-student of Scottish Church College, Kolkata. Authored several novels in Bengali and translated into Bengali novels/short stories of eminent writers of the world. Regularly contributes articles to different web sites on different subjects. Edited by Sudipta Banerjee, educated at Loreto House, Kolkata. Completed her B.A [Hons] in Geography and M.A from Presidency College, Kolkata, B.Ed from the Institution of Education for Women, Hasting House, Kolkata. Taught for 38 years, as Middle School Mistress at Victoria Boys’ School, Kuseong and as Asstt Teacher in Geography at Multipurpose Govt Girls’ School, Kolkata.
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