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Subject, predicate, and objects Voice
Person - English Grammer
41498    Dibyendu Banerjee    26/05/2018

Person

Person in language is the grammatical distinction between the speaker (first person), the addressee (second person), and others (third person). In other words, first person is that which includes the speaker, namely, I /we / me /and us, second person is the person or people spoken to, literally, you, and third person includes all that is not listed above. ‘Person’ typically defines a language's set of personal pronouns and   frequently affects Verbs and sometimes nouns or possessive relationships.

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The term ‘first person’ refers to the speaker himself or a group that includes the speaker. In the subjective case, the singular form of the first person is’ I’, and the plural form is ‘we’. I and we are in the subjective case because either one can be used as the subject of a sentence. Besides I and we,  other singular first person pronouns include ‘me’ (objective case) and ‘my’ and ‘mine’ (possessive case). Plural forms of first person pronouns are ‘us’ (objective case) and ‘our’ and ‘ours’ (possessive case).

Person English Grammar

Examples - I think I lost my book. / I love to play cricket.

Second person refers to the speaker's audience. The second person uses the pronouns ‘you,’ ‘your,’ and ‘yours.’ These three pronouns are used when addressing one or more than one person. 

Examples- You can go anywhere you like./ I think, you should red now.

Apart from the first and second person, third person refers to anybody and everybody else. The third person is the traditional form for academic writing, where ‘he,’ ‘she,’ or ‘it’ is used while referring to a person, place, thing, or idea. 

Person English Grammar

Examples – Once they used to play on this ground./ Durba likes to sing.

It is therefore clear that, the personal pronouns are grouped into one of the three categories : First person – I and we. Second person – you. Third person – He, She, It, They, Tom, Dick, Saurav, Ananya etc.

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The first, second, and third person pronouns are shown below :

 

Person

Subjective

Case

Objective

Case

Possessive Case/ Possessive Adjective

Possessive

Case

Absolute/

Possessive Pronouns

Second Person Singular

You

Example -
You 

left early.

You

Example- She likes you.

Your

Example-

That was your fault.

Yours

Example-

These are yours.

Second Person Plural

You

Example: You 

left early.

You

Example- She likes you

Your

Example-

That was your fault.

Yours

Example-

These are yours.

Third Person Singular

he/she/it

him/her/it

his/her/its

his/hers/its

First Person Plural

we

us

our

ours

Second Person Plural

you

you

your

yours

Third Person Plural

they

them

their

theirs

Subject, predicate, and objects Voice
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Author Details
Dibyendu Banerjee
Ex student of Scottish Church College. Served a Nationalised Bank for nearly 35 years. Authored novels in Bengali. Translated into Bengali novels/short stories of Leo Tolstoy, Eric Maria Remarque, D.H.Lawrence, Harold Robbins, Guy de Maupassant, Somerset Maugham and others. Also compiled collections of short stories from Africa and Third World. Interested in literature, history, music, sports and international films.
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