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Geography : Constellations - Physical Geography
2632    Dibyendu Banerjee & Sudipta Banerjee    09/01/2018   

Constellations

A group of stars that are considered to form the imaginary outlines of a mythological figure or god or animal, or manufactured device, is called a constellation. It is difficult to identify a particular star from a big canvas containing about 1000 or 1500 stars. The constellations help us by breaking up the sky into more manageable bits. The word constellation may be, therefore, translated as ‘set of stars’.

“Hydra” is the largest among the Constellations.

Since the stars travel along their own orbits through the Milky Way, the constellation outlines change slowly over time. In 1922, the sky was divided up into 88 different constellations, which included 48 ancient constellations listed by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy, along with the 40 new constellations. All the constellations are not visible from any one point on Earth. Therefore, the star maps are bifurcated into maps for the northern hemisphere and maps for the southern hemisphere. The season of the year can also affect the visibility of constellations, depending on the location of the viewer

Constellations of the Northern and the Southern Hemisphere are shown below.  


  

Northern Circumpolar Constellations

Northern Spring Constellation

Northern Summer Constellations

Northern Autumn Constellations

Northern Winter Constellations

Cassiopeia

Cepheus

Draco 

Ursa Major

Ursa Minor
 

Bootes  

Cancer

Crater

Hydra 

Leo

Virgo  

Aquila

Cygnus

Hercules

Lyra   

Ophiuchus  

Sagittarius

Scorpius

Andromeda

Aquarius

Capricornus

Pegasus

Pisces

 

Canis Major

Cetus

Eridanus

Gemini

Peseus

Southern Circumpolar Constellations

Southern Spring Constellation

Southern Summer Constellations

Southern Autumn Constellations

Southern Winter Constellations

Carina

Centaurus

Southern Cross

Andromeda

Aquarius

Capricornus

Pegasus

Pisces

Canis Major

Cetus

Endanus

Gemini

Orion

Perseus

Taurus

Bootes 

Cancer 

Crater

Hydra

Leo

Virgo

Aquila

Cygnus

Hercules

Lyra

Ophiuchus

Sagittarius

Cancer
Cancer
aquarius-constellation
Aquarius
cassiopeia
Cassiopeia
gemini
Gemini
libra
Libra
orion
Orion
taurus
taurus
pegasus-constellations
Pegasus
Other important stars Solar Family
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Author Details
Dibyendu Banerjee & Sudipta Banerjee
Article by Dibyendu Banerjee, an Ex-student of Scottish Church College, Kolkata. Authored several novels in Bengali and translated into Bengali novels/short stories of eminent writers of the world. Regularly contributes articles to different web sites on different subjects. Edited by Sudipta Banerjee, educated at Loreto House, Kolkata. Completed her B.A [Hons] in Geography and M.A from Presidency College, Kolkata, B.Ed from the Institution of Education for Women, Hasting House, Kolkata. Taught for 38 years, as Middle School Mistress at Victoria Boys’ School, Kuseong and as Asstt Teacher in Geography at Multipurpose Govt Girls’ School, Kolkata.
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