Located at the head of Avinguda Maria Cristina in the Montjuïc neighbourhood of Barcelona, the Magic Fountain of Montjuïc (Font màgica de Montjuïc in Catalan) is situated at the top of Avenida Maria Christiana area and below the Palau Nacional on the Montjuïc Mountain and near the Placa d’Espanya and Poble Espanyol de Bercelona. Considered as the largest ornamental fountain in Barcelona, it was built in 1929 for the International Exhibition.
The design of the monument was submitted by Carles Buigas just one year before the exhibition and many thought that the project was too ambitious to be created within the specific time, let alone completed on time. However, with the help of 3,000 workers the construction of the magnificent fountain was completed in record time and the first show took place on 19 May 1929, the day before the start of the Exhibition.
The Magic Fountain of Montjuïc was constructed on the site of the Four Columns Monument, representative of the Catalanism movement, which was demolished in1928 by the order of Miguel Primo de Rivera, who served as Prime Minister of Spain from 1923 to 1930 during Spain's Restoration era. The fountain was badly damaged during the Spanish Civil War and did not operate until 1955 after restoration. While music and light show was incorporated in 1980, the Magic Fountain was not completely restored until the 1992 Summer Olympics. However, it has proved a popular attraction ever since.
The Magic Fountain of Montjuïc, made of a central piece, along with three other waterfalls, provides a spectacular display of water acrobatics paired with beautiful music and lights, that can generate over 50 shades and colours. The colossal fountain operates on 3620 water jets circulating 2600 liters of water every second in the 3.1 million litre pool.
The water spouts thrown up high in the air, mixed with 4760 lights, create a spectacular display of colour, light, motion, music and water acrobatics. The huge fountain bubbles and bursts, spews and spouts cascades of water in a sensational show set to music and lit with all the colours of the rainbow, which leaves the visitors speechless. The spurting colour, perfectly choreographed to classical or contemporary music makes it the site for the Piromusical in Barcelona, which is a huge firework display with light and sound.
During the twilights of the summer days, hundreds of people gather to enjoy the spectacle, sitting on the steps that lead up to the MNAC museum (the Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya, the national museum of Catalan) and after the glorious sunset viewed from the vantage point of the Montjuic Mountain, become intensely captivated by the mesmeric show of the magic fountain, that sits at the foot of the mountain. The fountain is rightly named as the magic fountain, as it totally looks like a magical dance show before the amazed eyes of the spectators.