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Kind of Motion Speed
Displacement of rigid Body - Rest And Motion
3582    Arnab De    18/07/2018

Displacement

The shortest distance (straight line) between the start position and end position of a moving rigid body in a particular direction is known as displacement of that body.

Example

Displacement

Let a body travel from A to C position through the point B. that is, that body travels the path ABC. Here the start position is A and end position is C. Now we connect A and C by a straight line. Here AC is the displacement of the body which direction is from A to C. Both value and direction of the displacement is required to explain the displacement of the body. Displacement is a vector quantity, because it has both value and direction.

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Another Example,

You travel from the point A to B (4KM) towards the east and then after from B to C (3KM) towards the north. Then the distance travel by you is

AB + BC = 4km + 3km = 7km

Displacement

But displacement of the person is AC which can be calculated by the Pythagoras’ theorem.

Displacement

Zero Displacement

Displacement

If a moving body travels in a circular path and reaches at the starting point after one revolution then the distance travel by the moving body is equal to the circumference of the circular path. But the displacement is Zero. Because starting point and end point of the body is equal.

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Unit of Displacement

The unit of the displacement is

  • Metre (m) in M.K.S and S.I method.
  • Centimetre (cm) in C.G.S method.
  • Foot in F.P.S method.

Difference between displacement and distance

Displacement

Distance

The shortest distance between start and final position of a moving body is known as displacement

Total path travel by a moving body is known as distance.

It is a vector quantity, because it have both value and direction

It is a scalar quantity, because it have value but no direction.

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Kind of Motion Speed
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Author Details
Arnab De
I have over 16 years of experience working as an IT professional, ranging from teaching at my own institute to being a computer faculty at different leading institute across Kolkata. I also work as a web developer and designer, having worked for renowned companies and brand. Through tutorialathome, I wish to share my years of knowledge with the readers.
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