Phrases - English grammar
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14-10-2018    346 times
Phrases

Phrases

Phrases and Clauses both are parts of a sentence. They make sense, but not complete sense. A group of words, which forms part of a sentence and contains a Subject and a Predicate, is known as a Clause. On the other hand, a phrase is a part of a clause or a sentence, without any Subject or a Predicate.

A phrase is a single piece of information made up of more than one word, without containing a subject and a verb. In other words, a phrase is a group of words that stand together as a single unit and forms a part of a clause or a sentence, but as it does not contain a subject and verb, it cannot convey a complete sense.  As a phrase cannot stand alone to give a complete idea, it is used to complement the overall structure of a sentence.

Examples: The Sun sets in the west. / The dog was sleeping under the table. / I was waiting at the door. / She has a chain of gold. / The girl in the blue skirt won the prize.

Depending upon its function in a sentence, the phrases can be divided into many types, as below:

Phrases

Noun Phrase – A phrase that does the work of a noun or acts as a noun in a sentence is a Noun Phrase. Examples: Early to bed is a good habit. / They enjoy playing cricket. / His father bought a huge black car.

Adjective Phrase – A phrase that does the job of an adjective or acts as an adjective in a sentence is an Adjective Phrase. Examples: My teacher was a learned man. / My sister gifted me a beautiful red shirt. / The lady with short hair is a pianist. / It was a horrible story.

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Adverb Phrase – When the work of an adverb is done by a phrase, the phrase is called an Adverb Phrase. Examples: He reads with great care. / He has the habit to drive the car in a very high speed. / The boy always speaks in a very polite way.

Verb Phrase – The group of main verbs and the helping Verbs within a sentence, is known as Verb Phrase. Examples: He has been reading the book since morning. / I am waiting for the last train. / She is singing for quite a long time.

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Tutorial at home

Prepositional Phrase – A phrase comprising a preposition and an object of preposition is called a Prepositional Phrase. Prepositional Phase contains a noun or pronoun, which is called the object of preposition. Examples: The cat was sleeping on the carpet. / That man always speaks in a loud voice. / The kids ware laughing at the joker.

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Dibyendu Banerjee
Ex student of Scottish Church College. Served a Nationalised Bank for nearly 35 years. Authored novels in Bengali. Translated into Bengali novels/short stories of Leo Tolstoy, Eric Maria Remarque, D.H.Lawrence, Harold Robbins, Guy de Maupassant, Somerset Maugham and others. Also compiled collections of short stories from Africa and Third World. Interested in literature, history, music, sports and international films.
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